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LEAFLET No. 84.] [SIaTH SERIES.
PLAN OF CAMPAIGN.
Mr. Gladstone has revived an old assertion of his, in his Electoral
address to Mid- Lothian, viz.: that the Plan of Campaign was the
answer of Ireland to the refusal of the present Government to pass
Mr. Parnell's Relief Bill in September, 1886.
That dates are against this assertion, may, we think, be proved by
the following extracts : —
Mr. T. Healy said at Cork, in 1883, " He would never again be a.
party to recommending an estate to strike for a reduction of rents until
every man on the estate had put down a year's rent, and banked it in
the name of his parish priest, or some local leader of the National
party." — Freeman 's J 'ournal, 13th June, 1883.
The same paper reports another speech by the same agitator,
dated 4th October, 1885. " Now he (Healy) suggested on a former
occasion that what should be done was, that when they were refused
a reasonable abatement they should lodge their rent in a bank in the
name of three or four trustees, including the priest, some trustworthy
men of their organization, and two or three of themselves, and that the
money should be used for the aid of those whom the landlord should
try to evict. It was evident a mere parish organization of that kind
would be broken up by the landlords in detail, and, in his (Healy's)
judgment, if they wanted to win — if the landlords had again the
campaign of evictions — what the National leaders would have to
recommend was this, that the half-million tenant-farmers in Ireland
should put up their rents into one common fund, and, instead of
paying it to the landlords, pay it to the trustees. They would then
have a sum of six or seven or ten millions of money as a campaign
fund — a war chest — to fight the battle with, and he believed if the
landlords saw that the people had even a single million of money to
fight with, while they themselves had been delivered of their rents, they
would speedily give in and kick the bucket. ,, — Freeman's Journal,
5th October, 1885.
United Ireland of 24th October and of 19th December, 1885,
contains leading articles advocating what was subsequently known
as the Plan of Campaign. In the article of the 24th October, 1885,
comment is made on the usual methoa adopted by the tenants in
trying to force the landlords to grant reductions of rent ; this method was
that the tenants "left the rent office in a body" when their demands
were refused. The article contends that this is a weak method, and
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recommends the banking of rents in trustees' hands, in short the
creation of a war chest to succour every man who is attacked. The
article of the 19th December, 1885, contains more information in these
words : — " We observe that in many parts of the country, the farmers
in desperation are banking their rents ; and if the example is gene-
rally followed, and the fund is united in a common purse, we are
certain the distress-mongers can be brought to their senses."
United Ireland moreover gives some account of how the
'* banking of the rents in trustees' hands " worked in the latter
part of 1885, a year before Mr. Gladstone says the Plan was
adopted as Irelands answer to the policy of the present Govern-
ment ; the occurrences may not all be true, but they are reported
in United Ireland as if they were facts. The following are some
of them taken from the paper mentioned : —
24th October, 1885. The tenants of Mr. Gorman Uniacke
of Mount Uniacke, on Friday, October 16th, drove into Youghal
and lodged their rents in the Provincial Bank, deducting 20
per cent in the name of their respected curate, the Rev. John
Savage. The landlord says he cannot afford to give any
abatement; but the tenants are prepared to fight if they don't
24th October, 1885. The tenants on the Newtown estate
of Archbishop Plunket, it was announced at the last meeting of
the Shendrum National League Branch, have taken the sensible
course of lodging their rent in bank in the name of trustees,
pending his Grace's decision regarding a reasonable abatement.
They have also resolved on forming a Defence Fund in view
of the possible contingency of a hardening of the episcopal heart
in their regard, and a considerable sum has already been
24th October, 1885. On Saturday last the tenants on
Lord Kenmare's Bantry estate visited Carrigana in a body. As
the tenants would not pay unless they received 35 per cent, re-
duction, and as Mr. Leonard had no authority to make the
abatement, they left without paying anything, and on Monday
lodged the amount, less the reduction asked, in the Munster and
Leinster bank, and set about raising a fund to resist any legal
proceedings that Lord Kenmare may take.
7th November, 1885. At a meeting of the tenants of
Sir P. O'Brien, M.P., at the Market House, Borris-in-Ossory,
Rev. M. G. McGrath, C.C., chairman, said, that the tenants should
come to an arrangement as to what fair reduction they would
require, and if the landlord refused to grant that fair reduction
when the men went forward in a body to pay their rent, they should
then lodge the reduced rents in the bank in the names of three
or four trustees. A resolution was then passed calling on the land-
lords to make a reduction of 30 per cent., and not to call for
arrears of rent until next November. It was proposed and seconded
" that we select Father McGrath, Mr. Kelly, &c, (six persons) to
act as trustees of our rents if we be put to the necessity of lodging
them in bank." The resolution was unanimously passed.
7th November, 1885. Mr. O'Connell's agent, Mr. Carney,
visited Rathmore on the 3rd inst., to collect rents due on the property,
but he got none, as he would not give a reduction of 30 per cent. ;
the tenants, one hundred in number, left in a body, and are going
to lodge their money in the bank, and sixpence in the £ for a
7th November, 1885. It was decided by the tenantry of
the united parishes of Murroe and Boher, who met to consider what
reductions they required, to meet together, confer with Canon Wall,
and if the money is refused, hand it to Canon Wall until such
time as there is a general settlement made.
7th November, 1885. Final meeting of tenants on the
property of Major Doyle to make arrangements in demanding a
reduction in their rents. Unanimous in demanding 25 per cent.
If refused, they will bank the rents at the reduction in the name
of trustees, and raise a Defence Fund at one shilling in the £ to
protect any tenants that may be put out.
14th November, 1885. Lord Doneraile having refused
the demands of his tenants, the latter subsequently met and came
to a resolution of banking their rents less 30 per cent., the
reduction sought, and have determined to pay no rent without the
reduction required. About £2,000 have already been lodged.
14th November, 1885. The tenants on the Cuddagh and
Clonin (Mountrath) property of the late D. M. Kirk, accompanied
by Revs. Fathers Coady, P.P., and Fitzpatrick, C.C., waited on
the respected agent, Mr. H. Franks, and offered him the rents now
payable, less 25 per cent. This the agent declined to accept, as
the trustees of the property had only empowered him to grant a
reduction of 15 per cent. This offer they declined, and as they
considered their demand not only just but extremely moderate, they
withdrew in a body and handed over their rents, less 25 per cent.,
to five trustees who have lodged them in bank.
5th December, 1885. The tenants of the townlands of
Clonbrowne, Clonrooske and Ballygarrett, attended at the office of
Mr. J. H. Tyrrell, Edenderry, and demanded a reduction in their
rents, which Mr. Tyrrell refused to grant. The tenants then left in
a body and called on Mr. John P. H. Patterson, who accompanied
them to the Hibernian Bank, and there lodged the amount of their
rents that they considered themselves able to pay in the names
5th December, 1885. The tenantry on the Cullohill propert)
of Lord Carberry a few weeks since forwarded a memorial to the
agents, Messrs. Stewart & Son, Dublin, asking a reduction of 35
per cent, on the year's rent now due. Mr. Stewart attended at
Durrow on the 20th inst. (Nov. ?), to receive the rents. The
tenants attended, accompanied by Rev. P. Phelan, C.C., Cullohill,
but he offered them only 15 per cent, on the half-year's rent. This
offer they unanimously refused, but went away and lodged the year's
rent, less 35 per cent., in the Hibernian Bank, in the names of the
Parish Priest, the two curates and three farmers of the property.
The attention of the Hon. William Freke, the trustee of the property,
has been called to the matter. A favourable reply is expected.
5th December, 1885. The tenants on the Kildare, Irish-town,
and Loughnavally estates of Miss Magan met the agent; their demands
being refused, they left the office in a body, and, to a man, lodged
their rents, less the reduction demanded, telling the agent that the
money was at his' disposal the moment that Miss Magan would
favourably receive their demand.
19th December, 1885. The tenants on the estates of Miss
Collis, Major Collis and Mr. Mathias Hendley attended at the rooms
of the National League, Kilworth. They some time since decided to
pay their rents at an abatement of 20 per cent. Their demands not
having been acceded to by the respective landlords they now met
and handed over the rents minus the required abatement to Rev.
P. J. Horgan, P.P., President, and Rev. J. D. Greene, C.C., Vice-
President of the Kilworth and Araglen Branch in whose names the
money is for the present to be deposited in the bank.
It appears therefore from the above, (i) that the Plan of
Campaign, though not called by that name, was fomented by the
Nationalists before 1886. (2) That, according to the authority of
United Ireland, it was put in force in 1885, and (3) that it differed
from the conspiracy in 1886, in this only, viz., that in 1885 tne
"trustees" were not necessarily unknown persons, whereas in 1886
their names were to be kept secret.
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